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Civic Museum of the Risorgimento
Art | History | Museums
Since 1990, the Museo Civico del Risorgimento of Bologna, originally inaugurated on June 12, 1893, occupies the ground floor of Casa Carducci in Piazza Carducci 5, the poet's final abode and now a national monument.
The exhibition, which displays only a small percentage of the museum's collection, follows a path through five thematic and chronological areas from the French Revolution to the Great War (WWI), emphasizing a view of local events and protagonists.
Like other museums of Italian Unification, the Bologna Museo del Risorgimento, inaugurated on June 12, 1893, was instituted with a dual purpose: inculcate patriotic ideals in the general public, and particularly the younger generations; and promote historical research on the recent past while providing tools and resources for the work of historical scholars.
The exhibition hall of the museum served the first purpose, while the library was provided principally for use by scholars.
In 1915, museums of Italian Unification were given the task of collecting documentation on what was known as the "Fourth Italian War of Independence" (the First World War, considered as marking the conclusion of the process of Italian unification).
Analogously, during the period of Fascism, which proclaimed itself the ideal continuation of the Risorgimento (Italian Unification), a (somewhat lesser) effort was made to collect material on the Impresa di Fiume (attempt to annex the city of Fiume, now Rijeka, Croatia), the colonial wars, the Spanish Civil War and the Second World War.
A new exhibition itinerary was created on the occasion, extending from the French Revolution to the First World War, thus returning to its origins as the "Museo Civico del Risorgimento”.
The Museum conserves over 3,000 objects of historical and artistic interest, almost all of them dating to the period from the French Revolution to the Second World War.
The exhibition chronology begins in 1796 – the year that the French revolutionary troops reached Bologna – and extends to the end of the First World War in 1918.
A particular focus is placed on events in Bologna: testimony to the epic process of Italian unification is framed within the context of the history of Bologna, which is thus no longer viewed exclusively through the lens of military operations and heroism but also embraces the city's cultural, social, political and economic life.
In addition to artifacts, paintings, weaponry, uniforms, flags and various emblems of patriotism, the exhibitions include documentary material such as posters, prints and pamphlets from the Library.
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