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BRUNO MUNARI - The colors of light
Museo Plart, Naples, via Giuseppe Martucci 48 November 30th 2018 – March 20th 2019
The exhibition “Bruno Munari. The colors of light”, presented by Plart Foundation and Donnaregina Foundation for the contemporary arts at the Museo Plart in Naples, intends to propose a rather unusual aspect of the Milanese artist and designer.
In this exhibition open until March 20 th 2019, the curators Miroslava Hajek and Marcello Francolini wanted to investigate the process of dematerialisation of the art to which Munari arrived at the beginning of the 50s: the ‘painting with light process' which was realized in a specific group of works by Munari: Projections with fixed light and Projections with polarised light.
The first one are miniature works: small collages made with the most disparate materials, such as transparent and coloured plastic films, cotton threads hold between two glass sheets, leaves, onion’s peel, all light-projected indoors and outdoors.
It is ‘Munari’s projected painting', which at the same time takes away physicality and than gives it back to the works through the light, finding a monumental and spectacular dimension in large projections, such as on buildings facades.
'With a small glass you can paint an entire dome', explained the artist, who developed for the first time, in 1953, the way to decompose a light spectrum through a Polaroid lens. The polarised projections are born thanks to the use of a mobile polarised filter applied to a slide projector.
By turning the filter, which is in front of the projector, the polarised light goes through the materials contained in the frame and breaks up into the colors of the spectrum, causing continuous variations in the work and realising the “dynamic painting continuously changing” loved by the Futurismo art movement, which Munari joined when he was very young.
The direct and the polarised projections were presented for the first time in Milan in 1953, in the B24 architecture studio, which was a space for the exhibitions of MAC-Movement for concrete art and then in 1955 at the MoMA in New York with the title of Munari's Slides, as part of a solo exhibition. Then they were exhibited in 1955 at the National Gallery of Modern Art in Rome and finally in Tokyo, Stockholm, Antwerp, Zurich, Amsterdam.
Plart Foundation, due to the fragile material constitution of works, which date back more than 50 years ago, has carried out an accurate scientific work of glass digitising, not only to project them in specific exhibition areas, but also to preserve them and let the public know about this particular aspect of Munari's work, which has remained unknown for a long time.
The exhibition is also enriched by the presence of some exemplary works of a research, that would have led Munari, during the thirties and forties, to develop the work in an environmental sense: Macchina Inutile (1934), Tavola Tattile (1938), Macchina Aritmica (1947) already manifest that will to emerge from the two-dimensionality that will reach its peak in the conception of Concavo-Convesso (1947). Finally works like Punto di luce (1942) and Fossile of 2000 (1958) make clear Munari's interest for plastic materials, often used in his Projections.
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